Red Junglefowl (Gallus gallus)
Red Junglefowl, also known as Red Fowl or Camellia Chickens, is a tropical member of the Phasianidae family. It is thought to be ancestral to the domestic chicken. Red Junglefowls are distributed in Indochina Peninsula, India, Indonesia, and China’s Yunnan, Guangxi, and Hainan.
Red Junglefowls make their homes in tropical forests, chestnut plantations, natural secondary forests, evergreen broadleaved forests, monsoon forests, and bush land. Red Junglefowls' caw sounds like “Chahua Nian Duo” (Chinese pronunciation of "Two Camellia"). That’s why Red Junglefowls are known as Chahua Chicken in certain areas of China. Red Junglefowls were tamed by Indians 2,000 years ago. However, archeologists found them raised by Chinese 7,000 or 8,000 years ago, much earlier than Indians.
Red Junglefowls look similar to domestic chickens, just a little bit smaller. The rooster has dark brown feathers on its front chests and yellow feathers on its rear. Moreover, Red Junglefowls’ body and voices are very similar to domestic chickens. Red Junglefowls interbreed with domestic chickens. Their offspring share the traits of both parent lineages.