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鴕鳥、梅花鹿、番鴨簡介翻譯(中翻英)

(一) 鴕鳥翻譯(中翻英)

鴕鳥

鴕鳥是一種不能飛的鳥,也是現存最大的鳥。雄鳥可以高達2.5公尺,最大體重可達155公斤,雌鳥較小,兩翼退化,龍骨突不發達,足有二趾。雄鳥黑色,尾羽白色。

 

鴕鳥翅膀上的羽毛和別的飛行鳥類的硬翅膀有著顯著的不同,他們是絕熱的。在上面還有爪子。強壯的腿上是沒有羽毛的,用2趾站立,大的那個就像是蹄。這是鴕鳥的獨特的適應性,為了應付突來危險而快速奔跑。鴕鳥的巨大眼球,帶著濃黑的眼睫毛,是陸地生物中最大的眼球,只有鯨的眼球比之更大。

 

鴕鳥不會飛,但善跑,時速可達每小時65公里。一般由雄鳥帶領幾隻雌鳥群居,生活在非洲沙漠地帶和荒漠草原。他們退化了的小翅膀被雄性鴕鳥在交配時展示。也可以用來給小鳥遮陰。

 

Ostrich (Struthio camelus)

 

Ostrich is the biggest bird in the world. A male ostrich grows as tall as 2.5m, and weighs up to 155 kilograms. The females are considerably smaller. With its degenerated wings and underdeveloped carina, ostrich is unable to fly. The bird has two toes on each foot. The male has a black plumage with white tail feathers.

 

Ostrich’s wings are featured by the heat-insulated feathers as opposed to the flyable birds’ hard wings. Moreover, ostrich has claws on both wings. The bird stands on its toes. There is no feather on its strong legs at all. Ostrich's legs are just as large as the horse’s hoofs, allowing ostriches to run away quickly whenever danger approaches. Ostrich has huge eyeballs with dark eyelashes, the biggest eyeballs of any creature on the earth, only smaller than whale’s eyeballs.

 

Ostrich is unable to fly, but can run at up to about 65 km/h. One male ostrich usually forms a group with several females. Ostriches are distributed in Africa, living in deserts and prairies. In the mating season, the male displays its degenerated wings to attract the females' attention. Ostriches also use their wings as a shade for their babies.

 

(ニ) 梅花鹿翻譯(中翻英)

梅花鹿

分佈於東亞。範圍從西伯利亞到韓國、中國東部和越南;在日本和台灣等西太平洋島嶼也有分佈。中國的梅花鹿主要分佈在吉林省。而日本的梅花鹿主要分佈於北海道,19世紀曾經被獵到幾乎絕種。20世紀中開始立法保護,族群在1950年代到1980年代快速恢復。

 

梅花鹿也被引進到澳大利亞、歐洲和美國。原先的目的是作為公園裝飾用的動物,但現在許多變成野生。

 

梅花鹿體長約1.5米。毛色夏季為栗紅色,有許多白斑,狀似梅花;冬季為煙褐色,白斑不顯著。頸部有鬣毛。雄性第二年起生角,每年增加一叉,五歲後分四叉止。

 

聽覺及嗅覺發達,喜愛群居,擅長奔跑。歲半至兩歲半成熟。每年9-11月交配,5-7月產子,每胎有一隻或兩隻小鹿。

 

Formosan Sika Deer (Cervus Nippon Taiouanus)

 

From Siberia to Korea, from Eastern China to Vietnam, Sika Deer are widely distributed in East Asia and are found in many West Pacific islands, such as Japan and Taiwan. Sika Deer are seen in China’s Jilin Province and in Japan’s Hokkaido, respectively. In the 19th century, people hunted deer excessively, causing Sika Deer nearly extinct. In the 29th century, animal protection laws were enacted one after another. Thanks to the laws, Sika Deer multiplied rapidly in 1950s through 1980s.

 

Sika Deer were brought to Australia, Europe, and the United States decades ago. In the beginning, they were riased in parks to attract tourists. Later on, most of them became wild animals.

 

A grown-up Sika Deer is about 1.5 meter in length. In summertime, Sika Deer’s fur turns chestnut-red. There are many white spots on the fur. The white spots look like countless plum blossoms imprinted on the deer’s body. In the wintertime, Sika Deer’s fur turns brown with unnoticeable white spots. Their necks are framed by manes. Male Sika Deer first sprouts horns at age 2, then sprouts a branch horn each year, and stops sprouting horn at 5.

 

Sika Deer have acute senses of hearing and smelling. They live in groups and are outstanding runners. Baby deer grow up in 1.5 year to 2.5 years after their birth. The grownup Deer mate in September – November and give birth in May – July next year. 1 or 2 baby deer are born each time.

 

(三) 番鴨翻譯(中翻英)

番鴨

 

鴨子又名雁鴨,番鴨原產於南美祕魯,又稱「麝香鴨」,臺灣番鴨約在16世紀時由西班牙人引進。

 

黑色番鴨特徵為嘴的基部和眼圈周圍有紅色或黑色 的肉瘤,嘴喙呈淡粉紅色,雄性較寬。翼羽矯健,長及尾部,尾羽長,向上微微翹起,尾部無性羽,腳脛及蹼為黑色,叫聲沙啞,公母鴨體型相差幾近 1 倍。

 

雄性番鴨約5至6月齡即性成熟,番鴨受精後產出之鴨蛋,約35日可孵化出小鴨,成熟雄性體重約4.5至5公斤,雌性體重約3公斤。

 

Muscovy (Cairina moschata)

 

Duck, also known as Anatidae or muscovy, used to be wildlife found in Peru centuries ago. In the 16th century or so, Spanish brought muscovy to Taiwan.

 

Muscovy is featured by the red or dark sarcoma surrounding its eyes and bill. The male has a pink and wide bill. Muscovy moves swiftly. The male has a long and curly tail. No masculine feather is seen in the male’s tail. Muscovy has dark shins and webbed, and has a hoarse voice. A male weighs twice as heavy as a female.

 

Male Muscovy matures sexually 5 or 6 months after its birth. Usually, ducklings are born 35 days after the fertilized eggs are hatched. A matured Muscovy weighs 4.5 kilograms to 5 kilograms. A female weighs 3 kilograms or so.